Research and Pain Information

The purpose of the page is to provide information on pain which may enable folk to have better discussions with their healthcare providers around pain management options.

 A lot of this information has been collected and published by Red Lawhern on our Trigeminal Neuralgia site, other content will be referenced to the source.

Please be mindful that the information provided here should not be considered medical advice and if you are interested in any of the content, you should consult and seek advice from your healthcare professionals.

The Intractable Pain Patient's Handbook for Survival

This  downloadable handbook was written to provide intractable pain patients and their loved ones with a guidebook based on Dr. Tennant's 30 years of experience in dealing with pain problems.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Face Pain

A paper that gives an overview of several medical problems that cause long-lasting (chronic) and often intense facial pain, with a discussion of treatment options and issues.  These issues include dental problems, Eagle Syndrome, other types of Neuralgia, Migraine, Cluster Headache, and several others.


Radiologic Case of the Month. A pediatric case of Eagle’s syndrome.  (Am J Dis Child. AJDC- Vol 145(3): 339-40, March 1991)  A 5 year old ends up in the ER with foreign object sensation in the throat

Radiologic Case of the Month.pdf

Significance of styloidectomy in Eagle’s syndrome (Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery 2010;61(4)262-265) 28 cases of Eagle’s syndrome, unilateral and bilateral, are examined and followed over time after styloidectomy.  Total ear and throat pain relief for 27 out of 28 with  styloid processes measuring anywhere from 12-40mm.  Patients measuring between 12 & 20 also had the glossopharyngeal nerve cut during removal of the styloid process.  

Significance of styloidectomy in Eagle.pdf

Stylalgia and its surgical management (Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery 2003;55(2):87-90) Summary of 332 cases stating unilateral versus bilateral statistics.  Two patients as young as 15 were cited in the article.

Stylalgia and its surgical management.pdf

Symptomatic Elongated Styloid Process (Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects (JODDD) 2008;2(3)102-105 ) Summary of symptoms associated with Eagle’s syndrome and a case analysis.

Symptomatic Elongated Styloid Process.pdf

Transoral surgical resection of bilateral styloid processes elongation (ACTA Informatica Medica 2012;20(2):133-135) Summary of a bilateral case of Eagle’s operated on transorally-  3D pictures included.

Transoral surgical resection of bilateral styloid processes elongation.pdf

Stylohyoid chain ossification Part I (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1989;67:508-14)  Calcification versus ossification of the styloid and causes discussed.

Stylohyoid chain ossification Part I.pdf

Stylohyoid chain ossification (Part II): A discussion of etiology.  (Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology Volume 67, Issue 5, May 1989, Pages 515-520  Article regarding mean length of styloid processes in children of 10mm with a mean age of 11 years old.

Stylohyoid chain ossification II.pdf

Entrapment of the glossopharyngeal nerve in patients with Eagle Syndrome: surgical technique and outcomes in a series of 5 patients. ( J Neurosurg 111:1226-1230, 2009) Article explains in detail how the styloid process can irritate or entangle in the glossopharyngeal and other nerves.  Multiple cases are discussed including successful surgical removal of styloid processes.   

2009.1.jns08485 GFN Entrapment with ES.pdf  and jns.2002.97.1.0216_Slavin Case report and review of lit.pdf

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