LISAN et al. (2019) - Management of stylohyoid syndrome: A systematic review following PRISMA guidelines

:+1: Very interesting meta analysis. And a bit surprising that there is no significant difference between intraoral and cervical approach.
And surprising that there isn’t Eagle jugular syndrome mentioned, or have I overlooked that? Maybe it was a bit too early when the analysis was done in 2018. So the very recent literature wasn’t available.

Regrowth mentioned
" Complete resolution of pain showed no association with styloid process length, morphology, angulation or degree of resection; if, however, resolution is incomplete, it should be checked whether resection was sufficient [18], given that Steinmann [66] demonstrated that the styloid process may regrow years after styloidectomy, which is attributed to embryonic cartilage residue."


Thank you for the article summary @TheDude! We tend to work under the assumption that the styloid necessarily needs to be removed to the greatest extent possible for the best recovery from ES symptoms, but this article shows evidence that’s not always the case. I believe we also have some members on our forum who recovered well from symptoms when only a portion of their styloids were removed. Unfortunately, it seems the majority need the SP shortened significantly, but the determining factors are likely the physical features of the styloid which are causing the symptoms i.e. length, angle, thickness, etc.

1 Like

Unfortunately the Steinmann article isn’t for free.
I’ll try to get it somehow. But it seems there is no in german libraries. Maybe somebody here has access to that article and can provide it here?

A New Light on the Pathogenesis of the Styloid Syndrome

Steinmann, Erik P.

In: Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (ISSN 0886-4470 (print); 1538-361X (print)), Jg. 91 (1970-02-01), Heft 2, S. 171-174

I’ll see if I can find someone to give us access. I have a friend who works at a local university & she may be able to get it for us.

1 Like

Thanks for that- some good points in it! Interesting that there seems to be not much difference in success rates & also complications with oral vs external surgery…

1 Like